Comparing Maltese and Lebanese Languages.

Monday, April 19, 2010 at 12:04am

Here is a text in English with its Maltese equivalent and the Lebanese word-for-word translation; it’s a bad Lebanese translation but its goal is to stress the common schemes and words between the two languages.

English text:

Cathedral Saint-Paul de Mdina
In Mdina, the former capital of Malta, only a few hundred inhabitants live inside this fortified enclosure. The city contains many pieces of European history; it was there that Phoenicians, Romans, Crusaders, Arabs, French, English crossed paths, fought each other, and enriched the city. After the 17th century, Mdina deteriorated to the benefit of La Valette, a consequence of which is Mdina is nicknamed as the “Silent City”.

Maltese text:

j = y
gh = 3ayn
‘= 3ayn
x = sh
g = j
ie = î
c = hamza
h = 7a2

Il-Katidral ta’San Pawl fl-lmdina
Fl-lmdina, il belt il-qadima ta’Malta, jghixu biss ftit mijiet ta’abitanti gewwa s-swar. Hawnhekk wiehed jista’jsib parti shiha tal-istoria tal-Europa. Fenici, Rumani, Kavalieri, Gharab, Francizi, Inglizi, ltaqu hawn, iggeldu hawn u arrikewha. Mis-seklu XVII, l-lmdina tilfet mill-importanza taghha minhabba l-Belt Valetta, biex b’hekk saret maghrufa bhala “Il-Belt Siekta”.

The Lebanese equivalent (word for word):

El-Cathedrale ta3 Saint Paul fel-mdiné
Fel mdiné, el 3asmé el qadimé ta3 Malta, keno y3isho bass miyyet el sekken jouwwet es-souar. Hawnik fil-wa7ad ylé2é 2osm kbir men tarikh Europa. Fini2é, Rumané, Salibé, 3arab, Faransé, Inglisé, ltaqo hawn, [???] hawn, w 3arakouha. Men el 2arn el 17, el madiné tilfet la sale7 La Valetta, mishen hek saret ma3rufé [bi-7ala] “el mdiné es-sékté”.

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8 Responses to Comparing Maltese and Lebanese Languages.

  1. Marina says:

    Peut-on avoir le texte original, ou bien ta source?
    Ne serait-ce pas plutôt proche du tunisien compte-tenu des longs échanges historiques avec Malte?

    • a.s. says:

      malheureusement je n’en ai pas. j’ai trouvé ce texte tout à fait par hasard et il n’était pas référencé.
      pour ce qui est des similitudes éventuelles avec le tunisien, il serait intéressant de creuser davantage. à toi de m’éclairer donc!

    • a.s. says:

      cela dit, n’oublie pas que malte était un comptoir phénicien (ou une colonie, je ne sais plus) et que les relations entre le nord de l’actuelle tunisie et malte existaient depuis lors.

  2. Marina says:

    Dans le dialecte tunisien actuel, tu trouves encore le ta3 et le biex (bech, “michen heik”) et surtout, le mélange avec le français (et italien) est palpable (encore plus aujourd’hui je dirais) avec les mots “parti – qosm” et “seklu (siècle) – qarn” “importanza”. Un autre détail qui compte aussi en fin de mots, le a tunisien plus que le é libanais (sekta au lieu de sekté, quadima – quadimé ma3rufa ma3rufé etc.)

    Comparons tunisien, ancien maltais, et libanais ? 🙂

  3. davis smith says:

    hi can any one give me the reason why lebanese and maltese languages are similar to each other ?

    • ray camilleri says:

      the history said that long time ago the lebanese tribes who was called the phenitians have had a civel war and the tribe who lost have to move out of his country and pass from country to another b’cus all peoples sent out of their country they pass from israel to egipt to libya and to tunisia from where they sail to pantelleria to sisily and to malta and gozo and b’cus malta and gozo wasn’t abitated they settle on malta and gozo in malta there are mixed blood and mixed words of different people but in gozo the dna shows lebanese blood still in the gozzitans people and even the language still close to the lebanese and i am one of the gozzitan people
      .

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